Are schools required to record the disclosure of personally identifiable information (PII) from students’ education records whenever they make disclosures?

Subject to certain exceptions addressed below, schools must maintain a record of each request for access to, and each disclosure of PII from, the education records of each student, as well as the names of state and local educational authorities and federal officials and agencies listed in § 99.31(a)(3) that may make further disclosures of PII from students’ education records without consent. The school must maintain this record with the education records of the student as long as the education records are maintained. 

Schools do not have to record disclosures of PII from education records that were made to: 1) the parent or eligible student; 2) a school official under § 99.31(a)(1); 3) a party with written consent from the parent or eligible student; 4) a party seeking directory information; or 5) a party seeking or receiving records in accordance with the provisions in FERPA related to disclosures pursuant to certain types of subpoenas or court orders as set forth in § 99.31(a)(9)(ii)(A)-(C). See § 99.32(d).

Parents and Students
K-12 School Officials
Postsecondary School Officials
Parent and Eligible Student Rights