By Audience: Researchers

The resources on this page are intended for researchers, or any other party conducting research using FERPA-protected information. Resources here focus on proper disclosure avoidance techniques and proper methods for de-identification and suppression of Students’ Personally Identifiable Information from education records.

Guidance and Best Practices

Data De-identification: An Overview of Basic Terms

This document is intended to assist educational agencies and institutions with maintaining compliance with privacy and confidentiality requirements under the Family Educational Rights and Privacy Act (FERPA) by reviewing basic terminology used to describe data de-identification as well as related concepts and approaches.

Guidance and Best Practices

Presentation: 25th Annual MIS 2012 - Protection of Personally Identifiable Information Through Disclosure Avoidance Techniques (Feb 2012)

This presentation reviews key disclosure avoidance concepts and provides best practice suggestions for implementing the techniques to ensure proper protection of the privacy and confidentiality of student records under the Family Educational Rights and Privacy Act.

Guidance and Best Practices

Technical Brief #1: Basic Concepts and Definitions for Privacy and Confidentiality in Student Education Records

This Technical Brief discusses basic concepts and definitions that establish a common set of terms related to the protection of personally identifiable information, especially in education records in the Statewide Longitudinal Data Systems (SLDS). This Brief also outlines a privacy framework that is tied to Fair Information Practice Principles that have been promulgated in both the United States and international privacy work.